Types of periodontal diseases
Gingivitis – The earliest stage of periodontal disease. The gums are inflamed, but the inflammation has not started to affect the bone yet. The early stage will exhibit red gum tissue that will bleed when brushing or flossing. If diagnosed at an early stage, the treatment involved is simple cleaning around and just under the gums.
Periodontitis – If gingivitis is left untreated, inflammation progresses deeper into the bone. This results in bone loss. The symptoms are the same as gingivitis. There will be redness in the gums and bleeding when tooth brushing or flushing. Additionally, there may be drainage from the bone loss areas. Some patients will have a bad taste or a bad odor. In the later stages of bones loss, the teeth will become loose which will necessitate tooth removal.